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Sage

  • Scientific Name : Salvia officinalis
  • History : Medicinal botalical. Used in homeopathy for excessive perspiration.
  • Component : Actives include caffeic acids (chlorogenic acid), triterpenes (ursolic acid), diterpenes (carnosolic acid), volatile oils (thujone and camphor) and flavonoids (apigenin- and luteolin-7-glucosides)
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Helps reduce excessive perspiration,
    Helps alleviate burns and wounds. Astingent. Has antiperspirant, antifungal, antibacterial properties.
  • Reported Precautions : Not recommended for pregnancy. 
  • Common Applications : Deoderants.
Sandalwood
  • Scientific Name : Santalum album
  • History : Asia
  • Component : Actives include tannins, resins, volatile oils.
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Has antiseptic and therapeutic effecs. Minimal sensitization.
  • Reported Precautions : Not recommended for pregnancy 
  • Common Applications : 
Sarsaparilla
  • Scientific Name : Smilax mdeica
  • History : Used in homeophathy for skin disease like psoriasis, leprosy and syphilis.
  • Component : Actives include steroid saponins like sarsasapogenin, phytosterols like beta-sitosterol, quercetin. 
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Has antiseptic and antipruritic properties. Helps alleviate psoriasis.
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications : 
Scotch Pine
  • Scientific Name : Oinus species
  • History : 
  • Component : 
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Has anti-inflammation properties.
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications : 
Stavesacre
  • Scientific Name : Delphinium staphisagria
  • History : 
  • Component : 
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Helps alleviate alopecia and dandruff.
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications : 
Stinging Nettle
  • Scientific Name : Urtica dioica
  • History : 
  • Component : 
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Helps alleviate dermatitis.
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications : 

Saw Palmetto

  • Scientific Name : Serenoa repens
  • History : 
  • Component : Active compounds include sitosterols, glucosides, flavonoids, free fatty acids and phlysaccharides.
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Has anti-androgenic, antiestrogenic and anti-inflammatory and anti-exudative effects. Limits 5-alpha ruductase.
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications : Creams that reduce photoaging and products for hair growth.

Sea Buckthorn

  • Scientific Name : Hippophae rhamnoides
  • History : 
  • Component : 
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Helps alleviate radiation dermatitis.
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications : 

Sesame

  • Scientific Name : Samamum orientale
  • History : Massage oil
  • Component : Almost all fatty oils (linoleic and oleic acids of 35-50% each). Palmitic acid (10%), lignans and sterols. 
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Very little sensitization to skin.
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications : 

Shankha Bhasma

  • Scientific Name : calcinated conch shell of Turbinella pyrum
  • History : 
  • Component : 
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Known for healing properties in ayurveda.
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications : 

Sheperd's Purse

  • Scientific Name : Capsella bursa-pastoris
  • History : Homeopathy for mucosal bleeding. 
  • Component : Actives are caffeic acids (chlorogenic acid), flavonoids (rutin), glucosinolates, sinigrin, and cardioactive steroids.
    Benefits/Characteristics : Helps alleviate burns and wounds.
  • Reported Precautions : Not recommended for pregnancy, use with caution for cuts. 
  • Common Applications : 

Soapwart

  • Scientific Name : Saponaria officinalis
  • History : 
  • Component : 
    Benefits/Characteristics : Has anti-inflammation properties.
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications : 

Sorb Apple

  • Scientific Name : Sorbus domestica
  • History : 
  • Component :  
    Benefits/Characteristics : Cares for skin.
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications : 

Spurge

  • Scientific Name : Euphorbia resinifera
  • History : 
  • Component :  
    Benefits/Characteristics : Has anti-inflammation properties.
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications : 

Soy

  • Scientific Name : Glycine soja
  • History : Used to treat hyperhidorsis in Asian medicine
  • Component : Major active components phospholipids (45-60%), phosphatidyl coline, essential fatty oils (30-35%). Isoflavones, saponins, essential amino acids, phytosterols, calcium, potassium, iron, proteases soybean trypsin inhibitor and Bowman-Burke inhibitor. Potent isoflavones are phytoestrogens genistein daidzein. Genistein a potent anitoxidant inhibits lipid peroxidation and chemical and UVB induced carcinogenesis.
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Has antioxidant, antiproliferative, antiangiogenic, phytoestrogenic properties.
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications : 

Spearmint

  • Scientific Name : Mentha viridis
  • History : 
  • Component :  Active components include carvone which is the mint scent and is 40-80% of the ingredient. Caffeic acids like rosmaric acid, flavonoids like thymonin, volatile oils.
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Known for healing properties in ayurveda. Has antibacterial and antimicrobial properties. Astringent.
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications : 

St John's Wort

  • Scientific Name : Hypericum perforatum
  • History : 
  • Component : Active components include flavonoids, quercetin, catechins, oligomeric procyanidines, xanthones, anthracenes. Includes hyperforin and caffeic acides like cholorogenic acid.
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Has sedative, anxiolytic effects. Known photosensitizer. Has anti-inflammation, antistaphylococcal, antineoplastic, antioxidant properties.
  • Reported Precautions : Health hazards such as mutagenicity and oocytes. 
  • Common Applications : 

Sweet Clover

  • Scientific Name : Melilotus officinalis
  • History : 
  • Component : Actives include free coumarins, including mlilotol, hydroxycoumarins like umbelliferone, flavonoids including kaempferol glycosides, triterpene saponins such as melilotigenin and volatile oils.
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Has antiphlogistic, anti-exudative and antiedematous effects and improves wound healing.
  • Reported Precautions : Red clover (trifolium pratense) is a mutagen.
  • Common Applications : 

Sunflower

  • Scientific Name : Helianthus annuus
  • History : 
  • Component : 
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Helps alleviate psoriasis.
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications :