C

Cactus Pear

  • Scientific Name : Opuntia ficus-indica
  • History : 
  • Component : 
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Helps reduce oxidative damage to lipids
    Has antioxidant properties
  • Reported Precautions :
  • Common Applications : Anti-ageing creams, creams.

Cajuput

  • Scientific Name : Melaleuca leucadendra
  • History : 
  • Component : Active compounds include cineol, terpineol and other sesquiterpenes and phenones.
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Has antimicrobial and anti-infective properties.
    Helps alleviate rubefacient effects. Allergic reactions rarely occur. Approved to treat wounds, burns.
  • Reported Precautions : Do not use on babies or children due to risk of glottalspasm or bronchospasm. Do not ingest. 
  • Common Applications : Applied as an oil.

Campototheca

  • Scientific Name : Campototheca acuminata Decne
  • History : Chinese herbal medicine
  • Component : 
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Helps alleviate psoriasis
  • Reported Precautions : Can cause allergic reactions
  • Common Applications : 

Candelilla Wax

  • Scientific Name : Euphorbia cerifera
  • History : 
  • Component : Composed mostly of hydrocarbons (~50%), fatty esters (~30%), triterpenoid esters (~12-14%), and fatty alcohols and acids (~7-9%). 
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Melting range of 67-80 degrees Celcius.
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications : Used similarly as carnuaba wax in items such as lipstick. However components are different so are compatible with different ingredients. 
Carline Thistle
  • Scientific Name : Carlina acaulis
  • History : 
  • Component : 
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Helps treat dermatitis
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications : 

Cardamom

  • Scientific Name : Elettaria cardamomum
  • History : 
  • Component : 
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Known for healing properties in ayurveda
    Has antibacterial and antimicrobial properties.
    Astringent
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications :  
Carnauba Wax
  • Scientific Name : Copernicia prunifera
  • History : 
  • Component : Composed of esters of 18-30 fatty acids and has a large amount of free fatty alcohols. Unusual components include esterified fatty diols (~20%) , cinnamic acid (~10%), hydroxylated fatty acids (~6%). 
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Has the highest melting point and hardness amongst natural waxes.
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications : Used in lipstick, mascara because film forming component. Not great for oil in water emulsions.
Cashew
  • Scientific Name : Anacardium occidentale
  • History : 
  • Component : 
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Helps alleviate alopecia and psoriasis
    Has antibacterial and anti-inflammation properties.
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications :

Castor Oil

  • Scientific Name : Ricinus communis
  • History : 
  • Component : Has an unusually high content of ricinoleic acid compared to other triglycerides.
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Tends to feel 'heavy' because of the high molecular weight /higher viscosity. Has anti-inflammation properties.
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications : Used widely in lipsticks and ideal for dispersing pigments. Waxes, emulsifiers, emollients, solubilizers, esters or polymers can be derived from caster oil.
Cayenne
  • Scientific Name : Capsicum species
  • History : 
  • Component : Active compounds include amides of anillylamine with fatty acids also known as capsaicinoids, anti-inflammatory carotenoids like capsantain, flavonoids like apiin, steroid saponins and volatile oils.
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Has anti-inflammatory properties
    Helps alleviate psoriasis
  • Reported Precautions : Experiencing a slight burning sensation is normal during first application.
  • Common Applications : 

    Celadine

    • Scientific Name : Chelidonium majus
    • History : 
    • Component : 
    • Benefits/Characteristics : Helps alleviate dermatitis
    • Reported Precautions :   
    • Common Applications : 

    Centella

    • Scientific Name : Centella asiatica
    • History : 
    • Component : 
    • Benefits/Characteristics : 
    • Reported Precautions :   
    • Common Applications : 

    Chaste Tree

    • Scientific Name : Vitex agnus-castus
    • History : Used as a medicinal botanical
    • Component : Active compounds include flavonoids like casticin, glycosides, fatty and volatile oils.
    • Benefits/Characteristics : Helps treat premenstrual acne. Increases progesterone and reduces estrogen levels.
    • Reported Precautions :  Can cause allergic reactions
    • Common Applications : Acne treatments and products for oily, acne prone skin especially teenagers.  
    Chaulmoogra
    • Scientific Name : Taraktogenos kurzii
    • History : 
    • Component : 
    • Benefits/Characteristics : Helps alleviate psoriasis. Has anti-inflammation properties.
    • Reported Precautions :   
    • Common Applications : 

    Chickweed

    • Scientific Name : Stellaria media
    • History : 
    • Component : 
    • Benefits/Characteristics : Has anti-inflammation properties
    • Reported Precautions :   
    • Common Applications : 

    Clove

    • Scientific Name : Eugenia caryophyllus
    • History : 
    • Component : 
    • Benefits/Characteristics : Known for healing properties in ayurveda
      Has antibacterial and antimicrobial properties. Astringent.
    • Reported Precautions :   
    • Common Applications : 

    Coconut

    • Scientific Name : Cocos nucifera
    • History : 
    • Component : 
    • Benefits/Characteristics : Has antibacterial properties
    • Reported Precautions :   
    • Common Applications : 

    Chicory

    • Scientific Name : Cichorium intybus
    • History : 
    • Component : 
    • Benefits/Characteristics : Has anti-inflammation properties.
    • Reported Precautions :   
    • Common Applications : 

    Comfrey

    • Scientific Name : Symphytum officinale
    • History : 
    • Component : Active compounds include allantoin, triterpene saponins, tannins, silicic acid. 
    • Benefits/Characteristics : Allantoin, the main active in comfrey, is an antipholgistic, antioxidant treatment. Has a soothing keratoytic effect and induces cell proliferation. Helps alleviate burns, dermatitis, psoriasis and acne.
    • Reported Precautions :  Allantoin, the main active in comfrey, is an antipholgistic, antioxidant treatment. Has a soothing keratoytic effect and induces cell proliferation. Helps alleviate burns, dermatitis, psoriasis and acne.  
    • Common Applications : When combined with sufactant and benzalkonium chloride and effective hand sanitizer. 
    Congorosa
    • Scientific Name : Maytenus ilicifolia
    • History : 
    • Component : 
    • Benefits/Characteristics : Has anti-inflammatory properties.
    • Reported Precautions :   
    • Common Applications : 

    Club Moss

    • Scientific Name : Lycopdium clavatum
    • History : 
    • Component : 
    • Benefits/Characteristics : Has anti-inflammatory properties.
    • Reported Precautions :   
    • Common Applications : 

    Corydalis

    • Scientific Name : Corydalis globules
    • History : 
    • Component : 
    • Benefits/Characteristics : Has antibacterial properties.
    • Reported Precautions :   
    • Common Applications : 

    Cornflower

    • Scientific Name : Centaurea cyanus
    • History : 
    • Component : 
    • Benefits/Characteristics : Has anti-inflammatory properties.
    • Reported Precautions :   
    • Common Applications : 

    Common Stonecrop

    • Scientific Name : Sedum acre
    • History : 
    • Component : 
    • Benefits/Characteristics : Has anti-inflammatory properties.
    • Reported Precautions :   
    • Common Applications : 

    Condurango 

    • Scientific Name : Marsdenia condurango
    • History : 
    • Component : 
    • Benefits/Characteristics : Helps relieve cheilitis and chapped lips.
    • Reported Precautions :   
    • Common Applications : Lip balms, treatments and other lip products
    Cypress Spurge 
    • Scientific Name : Euphorbia cyparissias
    • History : 
    • Component : 
    • Benefits/Characteristics : 
    • Reported Precautions :   
    • Common Applications :