B

Babul

  • Scientific Name : Acacia arabica
  • History : 
  • Component : 
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Known for healing properties in ayurveda
    Has antibacterial and antimicrobial properties. Astringent
  • Reported Precautions :
  • Common Applications : 

Bayberry Wax

  • Scientific Name : Myrica cerifera
  • History : 
  • Component : Fat composed of triglycerides: myristic, palmitic, stearic triglycerides.
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Melting point of ~45 degrees Celcius.
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications : 

Bedda nut

  • Scientific Name : Terminalia bellarica
  • History : 
  • Component : 
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Known for healing properties in ayurveda
    Has antibacterial and antimicrobial properties. Astringent
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications : 

Bear's Garlic

  • Scientific Name : Allium ursinum
  • History : 
  • Component : 
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Has anti-inflammation properties
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications : 

Beet

  • Scientific Name : Beta vulgaris
  • History : 
  • Component : 
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Has antifungal properties
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications : 

Beeswax

  • Scientific Name : Cera alba
  • History : Used since ancient times as one of the first emulsifying systems.
  • Component : Main components are wax esters, esters with 36-54 carbons amounts to 70-90%. Free fatty acids (12-15%), hydrocarbons (10-15%). 
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Melting point of 64 degrees Celcius.
    Beeswax is softer than canauba or candelilla wax and has a penetration of 20 dmm at 25 degrees Celcius vs. penetration of 2dmm for canauba wax and 3 dmm for candelilla wax. Has a high friction sensation when applied to the skin.
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications : Used as cosmetic emulsions.
    Borax serves to form a soap when combined with free fatty acids. 
Behen
  • Scientific Name : Moringa oleifera
  • History : 
  • Component : 
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Has anti-inflammation properties. Helps alleviate dermatitis
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications : 

Birch

  • Scientific Name : Betula alba
  • History : 
  • Component : 
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Helps alleviate alopecia areata and dermatitis
  • Reported Precautions : 
  • Common Applications :

Bitter Orange

  • Scientific Name : Citrus aurantium
  • History : 
  • Component : Active compounds include flavonoids, triterpenoid bitter principles like limonoids, furocoumarins, methyl anthranilate and volatiles oils like limonene, nerol, linalool.
  • Benefits/Characteristics : Has antifungal properties
    Helps alleviate acne and dermatitis.
  • Reported Precautions : Can cause sensitization, phototoxicity, hyperpigmentation. 
  • Common Applications : 

    Bittersweet Nightshade

    • Scientific Name : Solanum dulcamara
    • History : Used in homeopathy
    • Component : Active compounds include steroid alkaloid glycosides which account for phagocytosis, hemolytic, cytoxic, antiviral anticholinergic, anesthetic and desensitizing effects. Also has active compounds: Steroid saponins which promote resorption of the glycosides.
    • Benefits/Characteristics : Helps to alleviate acne and dermatitis. Has anti-inflammation properties.
    • Reported Precautions : Not recommended for pregnancy and lactation.
    • Common Applications : Acne treatments and products for oily, acne prone skin.

      Bilberry

      • Scientific Name : Vaccinium myrtillus
      • History : 
      • Component : 
      • Benefits/Characteristics : Helps alleviate dermatitis
      • Reported Precautions :   
      • Common Applications : 

      Black Cohosh

      • Scientific Name : Cimicifuga racemosa
      • History : 
      • Component : Active compounds include salicylic acid, tannins, long chain fatty acids, glycosides and phytoestrogens
      • Benefits/Characteristics : Helps to alleviate acne, warts. Known to repel insects
      • Reported Precautions :   
      • Common Applications : 

      Black Nightshade

      • Scientific Name : Solanum nigrum
      • History : Used in Asian medicine
      • Component : Active compounds include steroid alkaloid glycosides, alkaloids like solasonine, steroid saponins like tigogenin.
      • Benefits/Characteristics : Has anasthetic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-infective effects. Helps alleviate psoriasis and skin wounds.
      • Reported Precautions :   
      • Common Applications : 

      Bladderwort

      • Scientific Name : Utricularia vulgaris
      • History : 
      • Component : 
      • Benefits/Characteristics : Has anti-inflammatory properties.
      • Reported Precautions :   
      • Common Applications : 

      Black Bryony

      • Scientific Name : Tamus communis
      • History : 
      • Component : 
      • Benefits/Characteristics : Helps to alleviate alopecia.
      • Reported Precautions :   
      • Common Applications : 

      Black Seed

      • Scientific Name : Nigella sativa
      • History : 
      • Component : Active compounds include nigellone and thymoquinone.
      • Benefits/Characteristics : Has antioxidant, antiphlogistic, antibacterial, antihelminithic properties. Helps to condition skin.
      • Reported Precautions :   
      • Common Applications : 

      Broad Bean

      • Scientific Name : Vicia faba
      • History : 
      • Component : 
      • Benefits/Characteristics : Has anti-inflammation properties.
      • Reported Precautions :   
      • Common Applications : 

      Boxwood

      • Scientific Name : Buxus sempervirens
      • History : 
      • Component : 
      • Benefits/Characteristics : Helps to alleviate alopecia, dermatitis. Has anti-inflammation properties.
      • Reported Precautions :   
      • Common Applications : 

      Borage

      • Scientific Name : Borage officinalis
      • History : 
      • Component : 
      • Benefits/Characteristics : Helps alleviate dermatitis.
      • Reported Precautions :   
      • Common Applications : 

      Burdock

      • Scientific Name : Arctium lappa
      • History : 
      • Component : 
      • Benefits/Characteristics : Helps alleviate psoriasis.
      • Reported Precautions :   
      • Common Applications : 

      Butcher's Broom

      • Scientific Name : Ruscus aculeatus
      • History : Used as a medicinal botanical
      • Component : Active compounds include steroid saponins, ruscine and ruscoside which comprise 5% of weight. Other actives include benzofuranes like euparone. 
      • Benefits/Characteristics : Has anti-inflammation properties.
      • Reported Precautions :   
      • Common Applications : 

      Burning Bush

      • Scientific Name : Dictamnus albus
      • History : 
      • Component : 
      • Benefits/Characteristics : Has antibacterial and anti-inflammation properties.
      • Reported Precautions :   
      • Common Applications : 

      Burr Marigold

      • Scientific Name : Bidens tripartita
      • History : 
      • Component : 
      • Benefits/Characteristics : Helps alleviate alopecia areata.
      • Reported Precautions :   
      • Common Applications :